Ban on Unhealthily Thin Models
Messages Sent So Far
Central Idea: I hope to persuade my audience to believe that the use of unhealthily thin models in the fashion industry contributes to the growing number of eating disorders and low self esteem among young women and that the United States should pass a law banning the use of models with a body mass index under 17.5 in runway shows and ad campaigns running in the United States, in hopes of decreasing the number of eating disorders among young women.
I. Attention Getting Material
A. On August 2, 2006, Uruguayan model Luisel Ramos became part of a series of models to die from anorexia.
1. While modeling for Uruguayan Fashion Week, she suffered a heart attack due to the effects of anorexia.
2. She had just stepped off the runway when it occurred.
3. In an article titled ?Are Size 0 Models Too Thin for the Catwalk?? published September 18, 2006, in a newspaper titled The Mail, Karen Kay reports Ramos had been living off of diet coke and lettuce for three months after being told by her modeling agency that she could be a huge success if she lost a significant amount of weight.
4. The young beauty was only twenty-two years old when her life tragically ended.
B. A short three months later, this devastating episode was replayed in the life of Brazilian model Ana Carolina Reston.
1. In 2004, at a mere 114 pounds, Reston was told she was too fat at her first foreign photo shoot.
2. Restricting her diet to one of apples and tomatoes, two years later she had dropped to a sickly 88 pounds.
3. In losing weight, Reston gained enormous fame and success.
4. However, all of that was in vain; she died on October 25, 2006, due to multiple organ failure, septicemia, and urinary infection.
C. This heart-wrenching pattern continued about three months later with the death of Eliana Ramos.
1. Eliana Ramos was the younger sister of previously mentioned Luisel Ramos.
2. On February 15, 2007, she too suffered a heart attack from anorexia, just like her older sister.
3. She was only eighteen years old, younger than many in this room today.
II. Orienting Material
A. Eating disorders are on the rise among, not only models, but young women of the general public in America, and as these stories show, the effects can be devastating.
1. According to an article titled ?Eating Disorder Rates Surprise the Experts? by Daniel Goleman in The New York Times, by 1995 anorexia and bulimia were already twice as frequent as they had been in previous studies, and the rate has since been steadily increasing.
2. Today, it estimated that 1 in every 200 American women suffers from anorexia nervosa and that 2-3 in every 100 American women suffer from bulimia nervosa.
B. Many people blame some of this increase on the media and fashion industry displaying rail-thin models as the epitome of beauty.
C. After the deaths of several South American models over a span of a few short months, Madrid and Milan placed a ban on models with a body mass index (BM
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